Indoor gardening: how to grow your own vegetables indoors
We asked a long-term gardening expert how to get a successful seedling. There is no time to grow like this.
If you just can't wait for the weather to warm up and start gardening, don't be afraid. Indoor gardening is a great way to save money and get a head to start your summer garden. We consulted a long-time gardening expert for her best advice.
One quick dry! It’s still cold outside, and some of us are still facing the threat of winter storms. But spring is coming, and now is the best time to plant and plant gardens indoors.
Indoor gardening is not just a good hobby for the last few cold weeks before the summer. By planting plants indoors, you can get a jump during the summer growing season, and when the hot weather comes, you can be the first person in town to have fresh vegetables and flowers.
Second, choose your plant and buy seeds. The home and garden center sells a lot of seeds. But Melinda Myers, a gardener in Milwaukee and author of more than 20 gardening books, says you can get more plants online or by mail.
She said: "Some little-known or less popular plants, or newer varieties, are not currently available in stores, so you must start with seeds." With the seeds, you can get what you want. Myers said that gardeners should take advantage of online or mail order to buy something unique, rather than buying easy-to-find radishes or roses that are carried in every family center.
Seeds are cheaper than plants, so you will save money, but the packaging may contain more seeds than you need. In this case, Myers said, stay some until next year. Or, plant them all, and exchange seedlings with friends when you are transplanting outdoors.
3. Making, buying, or reusing containers When you plant seeds indoors, any amount of things can be a good container. The size of the empty yogurt cup is perfect, about 2 inches square, 2 to 3 inches deep. Myers also likes to loosely wrap the newspaper on a 2.5-inch-thick stud, press the lower end of the newspaper together to form a bottom, then remove the stick and fill the newspaper cup with the potting compound. This makes the transplant easy because the entire paper container is biodegradable and can be placed in the garden. "This is a way to recycle and reuse," she explained. Always use a container that allows excess water to drain. If the roots are placed in excess water, they will rot. So if there is no root in the container, open a hole in the container.
It is also effective to reuse the vases bought last year, but the vases must be cleaned first to kill any bacteria or diseases that may harm the seedlings. A portion of the bleach is mixed with nine parts of water and the container is immersed in the solution. Then soak or rinse the container with water. "This has a disinfecting effect on the disease, so you have to start with something clean," Myers said. Myers also likes cow dung jars, which, as the name suggests, are containers made from composted cow dung. Just like newspaper containers, when they need to be transplanted, they can go to the outdoor garden.
Four Provide indoor garden location Find a convenient place for the garden in the house. When seeds are first sown, heat is more important than light. Myers said that you can start planting in a warm place that doesn't need to be lit. But once the seedlings break through the soil, they need light.
You can sow in the corner of the basement or even in front of a large window that allows a lot of sunlight to come in for warmth. However, if the window is ventilated, choose another point, and the seeds and bulbs work best in warm soil. When the seedlings are visible, you can move them to a bright place under artificial light. Or, better yet, a point that receives sunlight and artificial light.
5. Prepare the soil and plant it at the appropriate time.
For indoor gardens, it's much easier to prepare the perfect soil than the outdoor garden, because the space you have to deal with is much smaller. Use the seed to start or aseptically mix the right out of the bag.
Most seed packages tell you when to plant them according to your region or the average frost last spring. If you are not sure, ask your local gardener. If plants grow too large indoors, they are likely to start growing soon, and they will be stressed when they are transplanted. But if you start too late, the seedlings will not mature indoors.
Again, once your plants start to grow, don't transplant them too early. Myers said: "We are all eager to start work, but if you move out too early, encounter frost or the soil is too cold, all the work you do will fail because the soil is not warm enough." ”
Six Smart Water The trickiest part of indoor gardening is to give the plants the right amount of water instead of over-watering. "It's almost impossible to properly water the water, so the drain holes in the container are crucial," Myers said, adding that sometimes she uses a spray bottle to water the newly seeded seeds. You need Sufficient water to moisten the soil without washing the seeds away."
Check the soil moisture daily. She said: "The soil you want is about the same thickness as the sponge that is wrung out." "Put your fingers into the soil is a quick way to tell if it has enough water. It should be kept moist so that the roots will go down. Cover the container with a damp newspaper or plastic to keep it warm. And damp, but once the plant invades the soil, remove the lid.
Seven Light up Even plants that receive natural light can benefit from cool and warm fluorescent lights. Myers said: "If you use the light from a light bulb to supplement natural light, it works best." "This gives you a full spectrum of light." She recommends using full spectrum CFLs and LEDs for more energy efficient artificial lighting.
Place a 6-inch artificial light on the plant. Myers said: "Either the container grows as the plant grows, or the brightness of the lamp is increased." "That's why the gardeners often put the lights on the chain."
Myers said that hardcover gardeners put aluminum foil or whiteboard on the surface around the container to reflect light. This allows light to be reflected back to the seedlings to maximize light. ”