Rural Waste Research Report: 80% of Kitchen Waste
In recent years, local governments have stepped up efforts to improve and manage the rural environment while vigorously developing the economy. However, there are still problems such as the lack of construction of garbage disposal facilities and the incomplete processing mechanism of rural garbage. Rural waste pollutes surrounding water, soil, and air, destroys the living environment of villagers, and affects the safety of drinking water and the health of villagers.
This summer, a research team composed of 10 teachers and students from the School of Resources and Environment of Qingdao Agricultural University arrived in Laiwu and conducted a one-month investigation on the status of rural waste disposal in the Laiwu Xueye area. On September 13, the research team formally released a research report to provide a useful reference for the treatment of rural waste around the country.
According to reports, the main target of this survey was the villagers of the village along the Xueye Lake in the Xueye Tourist Area, Laiwu City, and tourists who came to visit. The survey methods were mainly questionnaire survey, interviews, and literature. The research team members communicated with local residents to understand residents' main types of waste, treatment methods, residents' knowledge of their hazards, and advice on local environmental protection construction.
The research report shows that local waste in the snow can be divided into four categories: kitchen waste, agricultural waste, construction waste and other waste. Among them, the proportion of kitchen-based food waste, which is dominated by vegetable leaves and fruit peels, is increasing in the amount of waste. About 80% of rural waste is organic biological waste. In addition, the increase in household-generated waste accounted for the largest increase in waste waste. Low-cost, easy-to-use industrial products are widely used in the production and life of rural areas, resulting in a large amount of waste that is difficult to degrade. In particular, the economic development of the local tourism industry has drastically stimulated the development of the local catering industry, resulting in a surge in demand for disposable tableware, resulting in a huge amount of white garbage.
The degree of self-recovery of waste by farmers is not very high, and only 35.25% of the villagers said they would recycle wastes. This is primarily due to the fact that rural villagers receive less publicity and education in this area and it is difficult to form an active awareness of recycling. Secondly, the type of waste produced by households is complex, including various types of kitchen waste, agricultural waste, etc. Farmers are not easily separated and collected, so the recycling of available resources is not high.
During the investigation, the team members learned through questionnaires and interviews that villagers did not have enough knowledge of hazardous waste. Among the more common types of waste, waste batteries, expired drugs, and pesticide bottle bags are common hazardous wastes. Many villagers believe that used batteries, like ordinary garbage, do not have special hazards. In terms of treatment methods, there is basically no difference with ordinary waste disposal. It is still based on disposal at designated sites and discarded at will, and there are even means for self-burial. There is almost no special treatment. For the disposal of this type of substance, the country has a clear classification requirement, and the township must have a special collection device that is collected by the sanitation department and sent to a professional disposal point. Due to inadequate management and construction of the government, improper collection and recovery of hazardous wastes has not been set up at the garbage collection points in villages and towns.
Research shows that the quality of lake water has been greatly improved after the prohibition of fish farming in Xueye Lake. Now, Xueye Lake Lake is the source of water for domestic use in the urban area of Laiwu City, which greatly eases the situation of water shortage in urban areas. From the current water quality of the snowy Lake and the construction of the surrounding area, there has been a very big improvement compared with before. The surrounding construction can also basically meet the travel needs of tourists. A tourist who has been on a long-term business trip in Hong Kong, Shanghai and other economically developed regions said that the Xueye area should increase the overall construction of the scenic spot and strengthen the construction of service projects, such as the construction of large shopping malls. The tourist proposed that it should be built into a tourist attraction that allows tourists to have no worries.
The survey team's visits and observations in the scenic spot and the exchanges with tourists found that the construction of the environmental protection infrastructure within the scenic spot has yet to be improved. All units in the surrounding areas should strengthen ideological education in environmental protection and increase the implementation of environmental protection. Garbage cans and other waste recycling equipment configuration also need to increase in the number, the classification is more complete, location should be more reasonable distribution. Another problem is the construction of hotels and restaurants around the lake. Most catering buildings are directly adjacent to the lake and there are no obvious sewage treatment facilities. The sewage generated by these catering companies was discharged without treatment.
The research report pointed out that under the promotion of the government, local rural waste disposal has formed a certain normative mechanism, but it is still not perfect. It is necessary to strengthen the control of source waste classification and implement a more stringent waste recycling system. For example, the establishment of a garbage disposal site or the implementation of households to collect garbage, the village to carry garbage for centralized processing.
The research team believes that funds are the core of rural garbage management problems. It is recommended that the government urge local governments to include rural garbage treatment costs in their budgets. "There is no guarantee that the money will be available, but there is absolutely no money to do well." Local governments should, from a long-term perspective, include the cost of rural garbage treatment in their budgets. Proportions can be made. It is best to set a minimum ratio and invest in rural areas. The special fund for environmental governance will ensure long-term financial protection for rural waste management.
The report suggests that relevant government departments should formulate relevant preventive supervision mechanisms so that they can be found. Villages and towns should also develop their ability to innovate and take active measures. For example, the implementation of the Party member responsibility system, each party member contracted a district of environmental health, which led the villagers in the region to jointly safeguard the health problems in the region. After the occurrence of the problem, Party members shall assume the corresponding responsibilities and, on the basis of ensuring the effective implementation of pollution and environmental protection, give full play to the exemplary role of Party members.